Why RPE is the ultimate safety technology
In an ideal world, the risk of dangerous airborne particles simply wouldn’t exist in the workplace. We cannot understate how important respiratory protective equipment (RPE) is, even compared to all the other safety technologies available.
The proper application of the Hierarchy of Controls (HoC), though Elimination, Substitution, Engineering, Administration and PPE would mitigate the threat and make sure that everyone was properly protected.
The unfortunate reality is that many workers still face threats from a wide range of hazardous dust and particulates, such as silica, construction dust, fibreglass, wood, asbestos and many more. Respiratory protective equipment is one of the most effective safety technologies against silica dust and other harmful inhalants.
While every stage of the HoC can play an important role in helping to make workplaces safer, it’s the final stage, the personal protective equipment (PPE)/RPE – the provision and proper wearing of suitably selected and fit tested RPE – that presents the biggest challenge.
Because too often, RPE fails to provide the protection that providers or wearers think it does.
Avoiding IPPI equipment
The IPPI test is a good way to make sure the RPE and PPE you provide – or have been provided – is fit for purpose. Before entering any environment where there’s a risk of harmful particle inhalation, it’s important to check whether the RPE is:
- Inappropriate – the wrong equipment for the wrong job
- Poorly maintained – RPE needs to be kept in good condition and properly maintained and stored
- Poorly explained – the employee lacks sufficient training and information on the correct use of the RPE provided
- Ill fitting – loose fitting or poorly maintained masks with gaps around the edges allows dangerous particles to be inhaled.
The Construction Dust Partnership (an industry collaboration that helps help construction industry contractors, employers, operatives and others manage the risk of exposure to dusts and raise awareness) says, ‘any gaps around the RPE’s edges allow the contaminant-laden air to pass straight to the nose/mouth and be inhaled into the lungs.’
For example, did you know that beards or stubble can severely impact the performance of RPE?
‘If the wearer has stubble where the RPE seals to the face, this will make an adequate seal between the skin and the RPE impossible. A lack of knowledge or understanding on how to wear RPE correctly can often lead to an unrealistic expectation of protection.’
In other words, people are working with a false sense of security. Not only must the RPE be fit for purpose, but proper training and guidance must be provided on its use – like any other piece of health and safety technology or equipment. Better would be for checks to be made before entering areas with hazardous substances.
The paradox of RPE
There’s nothing more dangerous than thinking you’re safe when in reality you’re not. When you’re labouring under the illusion that your RPE is protecting you from harm and all it’s doing is placing you squarely in harm’s way, it’s a big problem.
“People are not so good at assessing exposure to a risk,” says risk perception expert Ann Bostrom, of University of Washington.
It’s something we’ve seen clearly during the Covid pandemic. Masks acting as signifiers of safety rather than providing genuine protection.
A dangerous combination of availability and confirmation bias, the psychology is explained in this Forbes article, drawing comparisons between respiratory protective equipment and seatbelts. It cites a report that shows people drive faster and more recklessly when they wear seatbelts. The same applies to cyclists riding less cautiously when wearing helmets.
So what’s the answer? If industry is consistently failing to apply the Hierarchy of Controls well enough to protect workers, or even worse, lulling workers into a dangerously false sense of security, what can businesses do to properly protect their people?
The answer is surprisingly simple.
Personal wearable dust monitoring
Wear personal dust monitoring. Particulate monitoring that gives you an accurate, realtime understanding of the dust threat you and your workers face.
Properly detecting previously unseen and undetectable threats – seeing it as a real danger, not abstract – allows you to properly challenge it. And in the process, your RPE reclaims its proper protective value – a specific, contextual and essential value.
To be clear, dust monitoring is not a reason to not wear RPE and PPE, but it can make sure you’re aware when the environment changes and whether your equipment is appropriate for the situation you find yourself in.
Instead of being taken for granted, worn out of habit, ‘just in case’ or ‘because that’s the way we do it,’ RPE transforms from dangerous IPPI to safe APPW.
What is APPW?
Instead of IPPI equipment, APPW is respiratory protective equipment that’s:
- Appropriate – the right equipment for the right job
- Properly maintained – RPE is kept in good condition, properly maintained and stored
- Properly explained – the employee gets all the training and information on the correct use of the RPE provided they need
- Worn correctly – well fitting RPR that prevents the inhalation of dangerous particles
Get in touch to find out more about how our new Air XD and XD One products – accurate, simple to use, easy to maintain, real-time particulate detection technology – helps your teams use their RPE more effectively.